The declaration of in Israel
The "declaration of assets in Israel" or "atsarat on" in Hebrew, required by the Israeli tax authorities, is a detailed assessment of taxpayers' assets, initially required in the year of opening a business structure and then every 5 years.
The purpose of this declaration is to compare changes in wealth over specific intervals, in order to assess the taxpayer's wealth and standard of living, which can trigger a tax audit if inconsistencies between successive declarations are observed.
Dray & Natco is your ally in providing detailed, reliable information to light your way in Israel.
Talk to the Experts
Declaration of assets in Israel - What is it?
La Atsarat Hon - הצהרת הוןliterally means a "declaration of assets".
This declaration must be made on the personal assets & liabilities of a tax household concerning the date requested.
For example: how many assets and liabilities did you have on December 31, 2021?
How much time do I have to make my Atsarat Hon?
From the day the request was sent to you by the tax office, (date of request - תאריך דרישה) you have 120 days to submit your declaration of assets.
This date appears at the top of the declaration request sent to you by the tax office.
Can I change my tax return after I've sent it in?
The tax office in Israel has taken a very firm stance on this issue, and very rarely grants the right to amend a declaration of assets already submitted.
What are the consequences if I don't return my Atzarat Hon on time?
Late submission of your Atsarat Hon, or late submission of supporting documents for your Atsarat Hon, will result in penalties for each month of delay, in accordance with section 188 (7) of the Israeli Taxation Code.
You should also be aware that a delay in filing your tax return is considered a criminal offense, in accordance with section 215 of the Israeli Tax Code.
Atsarat Hon, what's it for?
The Atsarat Hon is one of the Israeli Tax Office's favorite tools for controlling and monitoring taxpayers. Using your asset declarations, it can check and compare whether what you declare every year really reflects your income.
In other words, were all the assets in your estate acquired with "declared money"?
How does the Israeli tax office use my return?
The procedure is simple: the tax office in Israel asks you to complete a declaration of assets every 5 years on average, and notes any unexplained differences between the various declarations.
If there is an unjustified increase, the tax office in Israel will be entitled to ask you to pay tax on this "unexplained difference".
What can be considered an unexplained difference?
To answer this question, let's take a simple example. In his last declaration of assets, which concerned his situation on December 31, 2010. Mr Cohen declared that he had assets of 2 million shekels (1 house, 1 car, etc.).
In his most recent declaration of assets, which concerns his situation on December 31, 2015 .(5 years later). This same Mr Cohen declares that his assets have now reached 8 million shekels (2 houses, 2 cars etc...).
In his annual financial statements, Mr Cohen declares that he earns 1 million shekels net / year.
There is therefore a difference of one million Shekels that has not been explained. The tax office in Israel is entitled to ask Mr Cohen to pay the tax on this difference.
What do I risk if I make a "false declaration"?
A false declaration is considered a criminal offence, in accordance with articles 216 and 220 of the Israeli Taxation Code. You will therefore be liable to criminal prosecution, which can result in heavy fines and prison sentences.
Can I complete my asset declaration on my own?
Yes, the declaration of assets can be made by the taxpayer.
However, given the complexities involved, and the risk of misrepresentation. We strongly advise you to call on the services of a accounting firm. This will save you a lot of hassle when you have to explain unjustified differences to the tax inspector.
The Chartered Accountant's job is not just to collect the accounting documents and put them in a nice table.
His real added value lies in the fact that he will check and compare your various declarations himself. He will look for documents to justify any differences. And he'll already be in a position to answer any questions from the tax inspector.
Is the first declaration of assets important?
The first declaration of assets is of paramount importance. It represents the basis for all future calculations and comparisons made by the tax authorities.
In concrete terms, when you file your next returns, the tax office in Israel will, among other things, make the following calculation:
1. Your assets to date.
2. Less your assets from your previous tax return.
3. Let's remove your cash inflows over this period.
4. Less the taxes and social security contributions (bituah léoumi) you paid over this period.
5. Less your "living expenses" (Otsaot Mihya - הוצאות מחיה).
If the tax office in Israel comes up with a positive result after all these calculations. It will take some imagination to justify this "unexplained difference".
In a nutshell:
The declaration of assets in Israel is one of the subjects to be taken most seriously.
It's always best to be accompanied by an accounting firm in Israel.
Our firm can advise and guide you through the declaration process.